Eyes are important to us. We see our loved ones, we read books, and learn about almost anything with our eyes. Without our sights, our life would have been greatly impaired.
Unfortunately, most eyes disorders do not show their symptoms until they are at the severe stage. Below is a list of common eyes abnormalities that you need to know about so that you can do the preventive actions or lessen their harmful impacts.
Vision problems are the reason why we invented glasses. Farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism belong to this category.
When we see an object, there are four stages before we can ‘see’ the object. Firstly, light touches the object, and the reflected light travels from the object and enters through eye cornea.
Cornea functions as the window for the eyes. It is a layer that protects the inner parts and maintains eye moisture.
Then, the light goes to the lens. Our eye lenses control how much light is allowed to enter the eyes and get captured with the eye’s retina.
If we were to take a camera as an analogy, retina functions like the camera film. But the images on the retina are reverted. It is the last stage that makes the images comprehensible.
Optic neurons receive the information from the retina and send it to our brain. There, the image is processed, and we can see the way do right now.
Vision problems are any sight distortions that happen in one of those stages. Over time, the overall structures of our eyes degrade. Therefore, age is the ultimate culprit why the deterioration can occur.
But medical technology has made it possible for us to maintain our vision forever. LASIK (Laser-assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) repairs the deformed cornea stroma.You can check The Best Eye Hospital in Delhi | Eye Specialist | Eye7 Chaudhary Eye Centre for more information about the procedures. You can learn both the risks and the benefits of LASIK so you can decide what is best for your condition.
Glaucoma is a silent vision killer. The early symptom is very stealthy and hard to notice, which is the loss of peripheral vision.
If you have never heard the phrase, ‘peripheral vision’ is our ability to see the edge area of our main vision range.
We take the ability for granted, and that is why it is perhaps difficult to understand. But if you drive motorbikes or cars, you would probably have followed what peripheral vision is. It is that ability that allows you to see both the cars in front of you and from the opposing side at once. Drivers also use peripheral vision to look at the objects in the rear-view mirror.
And back to glaucoma, the disease is widespread, seven out of ten people in the world are suffering from the disease. It is an optic nerve disease that can cause irreversible blindness if left untreated.
Strabismus (Crossed Eyes)
Strabismus is the third common eye abnormality. It is a misalignment of the eyes that is caused by eye muscle weakness in either one or both eyes.
This abnormality needs immediate treatment. If a child does not get surgery for his/her crossed eyes, later when they are adults, their eyes will not be able to sense the depth of the perceived object; and their head will not be in a normal position (tilting to the one side).
A person with strabismus has difficulties in perceiving lines. It will bring them significant disadvantages if the condition persists.
Therefore, if you find your relatives suffering from strabismus, encourage him/her to get a medical treatment as soon as possible.